Initial Thesis Abstract: Planning the Human Habitat

My thesis is about the emergence of the discourse on Habitat and its influence on metropolitan and urban planning carried out in developing countries around the world, particularly those in the tropical regions. The concept of habitat was first used to describe the types of human settlements by the members of Team X, who in the early `50s sought to depart from the modernist principles of the functional city, aiming for a more integrated approach. In 1976, the first United Nations Conference on Human Settlements led to the formulation of UN-Habitat, with the objective of promoting an inclusive and sustainable urban planning through policies, legislation, strategies and institutions. In this way, the discourse on Habitat has ultimately caused a shift in the nature of urban planning itself, from the comprehensive master plans to “bottom-up” collaborative approaches involving the private sector, non-governmental organizations and community-based organizations.

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